MOLE

MOLE, rodent. The only mole found in Israel is the mole rat (Spalax ehrenbergi), a small mammal belonging to the order Rodentia. It is blind, its rudimentary eyes being covered with a membrane. Inhabiting subterranean burrows which it digs, it throws up the ground in a continuous series of mounds. Sometimes it builds a nest in a small mound. Into these burrows, Isaiah prophesied (2:20) a man would cast away "his idols of silver, and his idols of gold… to the moles and to the bats," the biblical word here for "moles," ḥafor perot, denoting a burrower in Aramaic (pina, i.e., "burrower"). According to another opinion ḥafor perot refers to an animal which digs up fruits in the ground. In talmudic literature the mole rat is called eishut which, because of the damage it causes to crops, may be hunted also on the intermediate days of a festival (MK 1:4). The word eshet, which occurs in Psalms (58:9) in a reference to those "that have not seen the sun," has been identified by some with eishut, i.e., mole rats "which do not see the sun but burrow in the ground and live there" (Mid. Ps. to 58:9). In modern Hebrew the mole rat is called ḥoled, mentioned among the unclean creeping things (Lev. 11:29). The biblical ḥoled, however, is the rat . The identification of ḥafor perot with the mole rat is most plausible. However, some scholars believe that it is a kind of bat (cf. Tur-Sinai, in: Leshonenu, no. 26, 77ff.), and S. Lieberman holds that it is the "flying fox" (which is not found in Israel) or the fruit bat (cf. Leshonenu, no. 29, 132f.). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Lewysohn, Zool, 101, no. 135; J. Feliks, The Animal World of the Bible (1962), 43; M. Dor, Leksikon Zo'ologi (1965), 121. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Mole — Mole …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

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  • mole — [ mɔl ] n. f. • 1903; de l all., de Molekül « molécule » ♦ Métrol. Unité de quantité de matière (symb.mol) équivalant à la quantité de matière d un système contenant autant d entités élémentaires qu il y a d atomes dans 0,012 kg de carbone 12 (⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • môle — mole [ mɔl ] n. f. • 1903; de l all., de Molekül « molécule » ♦ Métrol. Unité de quantité de matière (symb.mol) équivalant à la quantité de matière d un système contenant autant d entités élémentaires qu il y a d atomes dans 0,012 kg de carbone… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mole — Mole, n. [OE. molle, either shortened fr. moldwerp, or from the root of E. mold soil: cf. D. mol, OD. molworp. See {Moldwarp}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any insectivore of the family {Talpid[ae]}. They have minute eyes and ears, soft fur, and very large and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • môle — 1. (mô l ) s. f. 1°   Terme de médecine. Embryon informe consistant en un simple sac cutané, sans organes distincts, renfermant quelquefois des portions d os, des dents, etc. Ces môles sont quelquefois appelées vraies môles ou môles légitimes.… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Mole — des Hafens der Insel Portland Mole a …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MOLÉ (L. M.) — MOLÉ LOUIS MATTHIEU comte (1781 1855) Héritier de deux illustres familles parlementaires, sa mère étant née Lamoignon, Molé achève son éducation dans l’émigration après l’exécution de son père en 1794. Il rentre en France à la fin du Directoire… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mole — sustantivo femenino 1. Cosa muy grande y, generalmente, pesada: Destacaba la mole del castillo sobre el monte. Ese pico es una mole que domina la cordillera. 2. Corpulencia o gran volumen de un cuerpo: El elefante era una mole de más de… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

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